By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk turned the 1st president of Turkey in 1923, he set approximately remodeling his nation right into a secular republic the place nationalism sanctified through science--and by means of the character cult Atatürk created round himself--would reign ideally suited because the new faith. This e-book presents the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him in the ancient context of the turbulent age within which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the past due Ottoman imperial order to the trendy Turkish country via his existence and ideas.
laying off gentle on some of the most complicated and enigmatic statesmen of the fashionable period, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's adolescence as a Muslim boy within the risky ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his schooling in nonreligious and army faculties, to his include of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing younger Turks flow. Who used to be this determine who sought glory as an bold younger officer in international conflict I, defied the triumphant Allies purpose on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the final sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's highbrow and ideological improvement at each level of his lifestyles, demonstrating how he was once profoundly prompted through the hot principles that have been circulating within the sprawling Ottoman realm. He indicates how Atatürk drew on a distinct mixture of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and different theories to type a grand utopian framework on which to construct his new nation.
Now with a brand new preface, this e-book offers the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder.
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