Black Morocco: A History of Slavery, Race, and Islam by Chouki El Hamel

By Chouki El Hamel

Black Morocco: A heritage of Slavery, Race and Islam chronicles the experiences, id, and organisation of enslaved black humans in Morocco from the sixteenth century to the start of the 20 th century. It demonstrates the level to which faith orders society but additionally the level to which the industrial and political stipulations impression the non secular discourse and the ideology of enslavement. the translation and alertness of Islam didn't guarantee the freedom and integration of black Moroccan ex-slaves into society. It starts with the Islamic felony discourse and racial stereotypes that existed in Moroccan society top as much as the period of Mawlay Isma'il (r. 1672-1727), with a unique emphasis at the black military in the course of and after his reign. the 1st a part of the e-book presents a story bearing on the legal discourse on race, concubinage and slavery in addition to historic occasions and developments that aren't renowned in published scholarship and western contexts.  The moment a part of the ebook is conceptually bold; it provides the reader with a deeper feel of the historic and sociological implications of the tale being informed throughout an extended time period, from the seventeenth to the 20th centuries.  notwithstanding the most powerful aspect of theses chapters issues the "black army," an immense element of the dialogue is the position of lady slaves.  one of many difficulties the historian faces with this type of research is that it needs to leisure on a limited "evidentiary base." This e-book has broadened this base and clarified the importance of woman slaves relating to the military and Moroccan society at large.

Black Morocco redefines the phrases of the scholarly debate about the ancient nature of Moroccan slavery and proposes an original analysis of matters referring to race, concubinage and gender, with a special focus on their theoretical aspects.  The Moroccan method of racial definition was once truly "racialist" and used to be in truth a curious inversion of the Western racist version.  Whereas within the western version "one drop" of black blood identifies one as black, within the Moroccan version, "one drop" of white blood identifies one as Arab (i.e., privileged).  This method helped create a"nationalist" Moroccan Arab majority and even as subjugated black ancestry (i.e., these with no the "one drop" of Arab blood), noticeable as having more pertaining to the old antecedents of slavery.  It bargains a new paradigm for the learn of race within the sector that may rework the way in which we approach and comprehend ethnicity and racial identities in North Africa and most crucially it is helping get rid of the tradition of silence -- the refusal to engage in discussions approximately slavery, racial attitudes, and gender issues.

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